In response to the National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC), Government of India has initiated many approaches towards climate change adaptation as well as mitigation strategies in collaboration with other international institutions. Adaptation to climate change requires integrated solutions that simultaneously address livelihoodimprovements and environmental sustainability. Proactive measures for adaptation to climate variability and change can substantially reduce many of the adverse impacts, and thus contribute to livelihood security of the vulnerable rural population. Enhancement of adaptive capacity is necessary for reducing the vulnerability of rural poor. Hence, adaptation to climate change is critically important. International donors, notablyWorld Bank, the United Kingdom's Department for International Development (DFID) and Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) are implementing / preparing climate change adaptation programmes in India. Most of them are currently focussing on the drought prone areas of Central and South India.
During May 2009, the Department of Economic Affairs (DEA),Ministry of Finance, Government of India, presented 5 different proposals from 5 (five) NE State of India namely, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Sikkim during the Indo-German Government consultatations.