ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Sunday, March 29, 2020

Forest Resource

The recorded forest area is 17,418 km2, which is 78.01 % of the geographical area of the State. By legal status, Reserved Forests constitute 8.42 %, Protected Forests, 23.95 % and Unclassed Forest, 67.63 %.

Major forest types occurring in the State are Tropical Semi-Evergreen, Subtropical Pine, and Montane Wet Temperature Forests.

 The forest area of the State is made up of four distinct zones: Burma border forests, Ukhrul pine forests, forests overlooking the valley, and Barak drainage forests.

Manipur has 1 National Park and 1 Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of 22,440 ha and making up 1.01 % of State’s geographic area. The Manipur Brow-antlered deer is an endemic species for which a conservation project was initiated in 1973. Loktak lake with an area of 26,600 ha is a wetland of international importance, which has been designated as a Ramsar site on 23rd March,1990.

 

           

 

Total Area                (in km2)

% to total Forests Area

% to total State Geographical  Area

A. Forests Classification :

Reserved Forests Area

:

1,467 sq. km.

8.4 %

 

Protected Forests

:

4,171 sq. km.

24.0 %

 

Other Forests

:

11,780 sq. km.

67.6 %

 

Total Forests Area (FSI 2013)

:

17,418 sq. km.

100 %

78 . 01 %

B. Forests Type (Broadly) :

Wet Temperate Forests

:

1,451.0 sq. km.

8.23 %

 

Pine Forests

:

2,442.8 sq. km.

13.86 %

 

Wet Hill forests

:

9,057.6 sq. km.

51.40 %

 

Semi-Evergreen Forests

:

644.9 sq. km.

3.66 %

 

Teak Gurjan Forests

:

610.7 sq. km.

3.48 %

 

Bamboo Brakes

:

3,268.0 sq. km.

18.6 %

 

Grass Brakes

:

146.0 sq. km.

0.82 %

 

 

 Table : District-wise Forest Cover.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (Area in km)2

District

Geographic area

2013 Assessment

Percent of G. A.

Change

Scrub

Very dense forest

Mod. Dense forest

Open forest

Total

Bishnupur

496

0

1

20

21

4.23

0

0

Chandel

3,313

0

734

2,055

2,789

84.18

-40

0

Churachandpur

4,570

36

1,671

2,579

4,286

93.79

11

0

Imphal East

669

0

53

167

220

32.88

0

0

Imphal West

559

0

24

31

55

9.84

0

0

Senapati

3,271

232

861

1,080

2,173

66.43

-10

0

Tamenglong

4,391

279

1,766

1,820

3,865

88.02

-37

0

Thoubal

514

0

4

51

55

10.70

-1

0

Ukhrul

4,544

181

980

2,365

3,526

77.60

-23

1

Total

22,327

728

6,094

10,168

16,990

76.10

-100

1

Source:FSI Report 2013

 

Figure :  Forest Cover of Manipur State.