ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, December 4, 2021

Demography

Manipur state situated on the North Eastern border between India and Myanmar. The state has total geographical area of 22,327 Sq. Km. of which 90% are hilly regions. As against this physical feature of the area, 61.45 per cent of the total population (2001) is in the valley while 38.45 percent in the hill districts. Manipur has an international boundary of about 352 kms. long stretch of land with Myanmar in the east. The altitude of the state about the mean sea level varies from 790 meters to 2020 meters & the valley in the middle is as gradually sloping from north to south.

 Some of the Basic Environmental Information of Manipur

Location

:

23.830 – 25.680 N Latitude and  93.030 – 94.780 Longitude

West : Assam, East : Myanmar (Burma), South : Mizoram, North : Nagaland 

Total Geograp-hical Area

:

22,327 sq. km.

Revenue District

:

9 Districts (5 Hill Districts & 4 Valley Districts)

Sub-Divisions

:

38 (thirty eight) Nos.

Town

:

51 nos. (Statutory town 28, Census town 23)

Hill District Council

:

6  (six) Autonomous Council

Gram Panchayats

:

166 (one hundred sixty six)

Community / TD Blocks

:

31 (thirty one)

Mean Annual Precipitation

:

1200 – 1350 mm (sometimes 2000 – 2400 mm in the western part)

Mean Annual temperature

:

19 – 200 C as mean (0 – 120 C during winter & 28 – 380 C during summer)

Total Population

:

1901

1991

2001

2011*

 

2,84,465

18,37,149

23,88,634

27,21,756

Decadal Growth Rate

:

--

29 . 29

30 . 02

18.65

Urban Population

:

72,234

5,05,645

5,70,410

8,22,132

% of Urban Population 

:

25.39 %

27.52 %

23.88 %

42.74%

State Land use pattern (in %)

:

Settle-ment

Agri - Land

Forest

Water Body

ScrubLand

Others

 

2.44

6.65

49.25

1.65

38.72

1.29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : * Provisional Population, Census of India

 

   Table : Growth of population, Manipur vis – a – visa India during 1951 to 2011

Census Year

Total population  (in lakhs)

Manipur

Decennial Growth Per cent

Manipur

All-India

1951

5.78

12.80

13.31

1961

7.80

35.04

21.51

1971

10.73

37.53

24.80

1981

14.21

32.46

24.66

1991

18.37

29.29

23.85

2001

22.94

24.86

21.34

2011

27.23

18.65

17.64

                              Source: Govt. of Manipur, Directorate of Eco./ Stat : Economic Survey, Manipur, 2002-2003, Provisional Population totals, Census of India 2011

 

   Table : Urbanization in Manipur, 1901-2011 Census

CensusYear

Total No. of UAs/ Towns

Total Population

Total Urban Population

% of Urban Population

Decennial Growth

Annual expo-nential Growth rate(Urban)

Absolute

Percent

1901

1

2,84,465

72,234

25.39

-

-

-

1911

1

3,46,222

74,650

21.56

2,416

3.34

0.33

1921

1

3,84,016

80,003

20.83

5,353

7.17

0.69

1931

1

4,45,606

85,804

19.26

5,801

7.25

0.70

1941

1

5,12,069

99,716

19.47

13,912

16.21

1.50

1951

1

5,77,635

2,862

0.50

(-) 96,854

(-) 97.13

(-) 35.51

1961

1

7,80,037

67,717

8.68

64,855

2266.07

31.64

1971

8

10,72,753

1,41,492

13.19

73,775

108.95

7.37

1981

32

14,20,953

3,75,460

26.42

2,33,968

165.36

9.76

1991

31

18,37,149

5,05,645

27.52

1,30,185

34.67

2.98

2001

33

22,93,896

5,76,410

25,12

64,765

12.81

1.21

2011*

51

27,21,756

8,22,132

42.74

 

 

 

                     Source: Govt. of Manipur, Directorate of Eco./ Stas : Economic Survey, Manipur, 2002-2003.                            * Provisional Population, Census of India 2011

 

       Table : Growth of Rural and  Urban Population in Manipur (1961-2011)

Year

No. of Towns

Urban Population

Percentage to total population

1961

1

67,717

8.68

1971

8

1,41,492

13.19

1981

32

3,75,460

26.42

1991

31

5,05,645

27.52

2001

33

5,76,410

25.12

2011*

51

8,22,132

42.74

                      Source: Govt. of Manipur, Directorate of Eco./Stas : Economic Survey, Manipur, 2002-2003.                            * Provisional Population, Census of India 2011

 

       Table : Average Annual Growth Rate of Rural – Urban Population (1951-2011)

Period

Rural

Urban

Total

1951-61

2.39

26.61

3.50

1961-71

3.07

10.89

3.75

1971-82

1.25

16.54

3.25

1981-91

2.74

3.47

2.93

1991-2001

3.66

1.28

3.00

2001-2011*

10.58

42.74

18.65

                      Source: Govt. of Manipur, Directorate of Eco./ Stas : Economic Survey, Manipur, 2002-2003.                           * Provisional Population, Census of India 2011

 

       Table :  Poverty Profile of Manipur

Year

Number (in lakhs)

Poverty Ratio

1973-74

5.86

49.96

1983-84

5.65

37.02

1987-88

5.29

31.35

1993-94

6.80

33.78

1999-2000

7.19

28.54

Source : Planning Commission Quoted by the Indian Economic  Survey, 2001-2002.