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| Last Updated:: 04/09/2015

Climate

 

 The impact of terrain diversity, altitudinal variation and river regime has become eloquent in the seasonal variability of climate from one place to another. The Barak basin & lower foothills of Manipur Western hills have a warmer climate than the central valley and surrounding hills. Similarly, the western part of the state is more moist than the eastern because of its location on the windward slope of the hills. The climate of Manipur can be broadly classified into three as

 

a)    temperate prevailing in the higher altitude of hill where temperate fruits & vegetables can be grown throughout the year;

 

b)    Sub- tropical prevailing in the lower attitudes hills & central valley plain where winter lasts from November to February and rainy season from May to September. The transition period of March, April and October can be described as spring and autumn though short.

 

c)    Tropical prevailing in Jiri Plains and foothills – during March. In this plain and foothills all the tropical crops can be raised.

 

The mean rainfall in the state is around 1518.36 mm. that the monsoon confers upon Manipur a very handsome rainfall as

 

South-West monsoon (June-September)

5085.39 mm

Post monsoon period (October.-December)

329.77 mm

Winter monsoon (January-February)

-

47.80  mm

Pre monsoon (March-May)   

-

610.50 mm

 Annual Mean Total Rainfall     

-

1518.36 mm

 

Although the State receives adequate rainfall for agricultural purpose, it suffers from temporal and location variations. There are great variations of rainfall in different districts. There is scarcity of water for economic activities in some districts.

 

Table 1.10 :      CLIMATIC CONDITION OF MANIPUR STATE, 2014

Month

Temp

(°C)

Max.Temp

(°C)

Min.Temp

(°C)

RH

(%)

Max.RH

(%)

Min.RH

(%)

Rainfall

(mm)

January

13.69

28.66

1.00

70.97

100.00

14.12

6.00

February

15.67

29.57

1.48

64.42

100.00

12.51

41.80

March

19.74

33.88

5.32

55.87

100.00

9.01

110.00

April

24.06

37.02

10.68

56.97

100.00

11.86

212.50

May

26.35

35.59

15.41

71.49

100.00

31.06

288.00

June

25.00

35.55

15.80

86.12

100.00

38.97

84.81

July

25.38

37.62

15.85

86.08

100.00

41.81

3006.12

August

24.73

37.01

15.71

88.55

100.00

47.68

1459.18

September

24.27

38.93

13.22

87.21

100.00

37.37

535.28

October

21.99

36.08

9.39

82.78

100.00

21.97

291.54

November

18.84

33.83

5.56

80.58

100.00

18.49

22.60

December

15.29

30.94

2.64

77.38

100.00

26.34

15.63

         Source:Directorate of Environment, Govt. Of Manipur

 

Weather MIS of 9 (nine) districts of Manipur

 ENVIS Centre,  Manipur has developed and maintaining a database managemnet system of  Weather MIS of  9(nine) districts of Manipur. 

-   This Weather MIS provide daily, monthly and yearly district level climate data for some basic parameters viz. Max/Min Temp, Total Rainfall, Max/Min Relative Humidity, Wind speed, wind direction, solar radiation, evapotranspiration, dew point, etc.
 
-   It also provides direct e-mail weather report of all nine districts of Manipur for some selected parameters viz. Max / Min Temp, Total Rainfall, Max / Min Relative Humidity to some selected people .To access daily online weather report, please click to the below link

        >>  DAILY WEATHER REPORT

 

Manipur State Action Plan on Climate Change:

Reports published on Climate Action Plan on Climate change are

 1. Executive Summary
Manipur State Action Plan on Climate Change

2. Manipur State Action Plan on Climate Change